Commonly Used Fabrics for Military Camouflage
Military camouflage clothing mainly uses chemical fiber fabrics.
Chemical fiber fabric is a new type of clothing developed in modern times, and there are many types. Here mainly refers to pure, blended or interwoven fabrics processed from chemical fibers, that is to say, fabrics woven from purified fibers, excluding blended and interwoven fabrics with natural fibers. The characteristics of the chemical fiber itself determine.
Camouflage clothing is an irregular protective color pattern composed of green, yellow, tea, black and other colors used for camouflage clothing. The camouflage clothing requires that its reflected light wave is approximately the same as the light reflected by the surrounding scenery. It can not only confuse the enemy's sight detection, but also deal with infrared reconnaissance, making it difficult for the enemy's modern surveillance equipment to capture the target.
Military camouflage clothing has the following characteristics:
Chemical fiber has three major advantages in the early stage of development: one is strong and durable; the other is easy to care for, with anti-wrinkle and no-iron characteristics; the third is that it can be industrialized and mass-produced, unlike natural fiber occupying land, processing is time-consuming and labor-intensive, and production is limited.
Polyester simulation silk technology has developed from simulation to super-true. Through the formation of grooves on the surface of the fiber, the chemical fiber has better hygroscopicity than natural fiber; by using the chemical graft copolymerization method, the hygroscopic performance of the polyester fiber itself is increased by several hundred times. Even more than natural fibers such as cotton and silk.
As a result, the appearance and feel are exactly the same as those of real silk, but the comfort, ease of playability and dyeing freshness are all more than those of real silk. In Japan, kimonos made with ultra-simulated chemical fibers are sold for much higher prices than real silk kimonos.
In the long development process of human beings, there are only a few or dozen kinds of natural fibers that are found and really used. When humans entered the chemical fiber era, in just a hundred years, hundreds of new chemical fiber varieties were invented.
Chemical fiber is an artificial high-molecular polymer whose functionality can be designed in advance during the production process. For example, adding antibacterial agent to make it have antibacterial function; adding mineral powder to make it have low radiation function or far infrared radiation function. This is obviously easier, more economical, and more effective than modifying natural fibers.
3. High sensitivity
Fundamentally speaking, natural fiber is a product of natural selection, so it has all-round properties. That is to say, if comprehensive evaluation is made from various aspects of a fiber, there is no chemical fiber comparable to natural fiber, but from the local index evaluation, the performance of many chemical fiber varieties exceeds that of natural fiber.
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